The magnificent towers, bastions, ramparts, and gateways of the Agra Fort symbolize the stature and power of Mughal Emperor Akbar. Built between 1565 and 1571 AD, it is said that the emperor Shah Jahan, who built the Taj Mahal, was imprisoned by his son Aurangzeb. The magnificent Agra fort, though started by Emperor Akbar, was completed by his grandson Shah Jahan.
The Agra fort is built alongside the Yamuna river and stretches almost 2.5 km. It consists of a wall built in red sandstone with several buildings inside. Part of the Agra fort is still in use by the Indian Army and are not accessible to the public, but there's still enough left to get an insight on the way the Mughals lived in the 16th century.
As one enters from the Amar Singh Gate, the first monument to be seen is:
The Jahangiri Mahal
This was built by Akbar as the women's quarters and the only building that survives among the original palace buildings. The double storied palace interestingly reflects a strong Hindu influence with protruding balconies and domed chhatries.
This was built entirely of marble and demonstrates distinctive Islamic-Persian features. This palace was considered to be as Shah Jahan's sleeping quarters. The Mahal provides the most successful example of paintings on a white marble surface. This palace brings the later Mughal architecture to present age.
The Sheesh Mahal
Agra Fort,Fort in Agra This is a creation of myriad glass pieces and central fountain. It is believed to have been the harem dressing room and its walls are inlaid with tiny mirrors (and thus the name), which are the best specimens of glass mosaic decoration in India.
The Musamman Burj
This is a beautiful octagonal tower with an open pavilion. The inlay work here is exquisite, especially above the pillars. This was where Shah Jahan lay on his deathbed, gazing at the Tajmahal.
This was the hall of private audience. The marble pillars are inlayed with semi-precious stones in beautiful floral patterns.
This structure has arches, which are covered with white lime polish for a smooth finish, has triple arched royal canopy with lavish pietra dura ornamentation.